ruk·si

ūü߆ Memory Techniques

Updated at 2014-09-15 13:01

Human memory works by connections. When you see your local grocery store, you associate it with food, and then you remember that you should buy milk. The same works for studying, if you understand the logical connections between topics, you remember them more easily.

Memory techniques work by linking items to long-term memory. You imagine items and events to existing locations that you remember. There are two genres of memory techniques I use, the memory palace and memory path.

Memory Palace: Imagine items to places that you know well e.g. old school, childhood home, work place or even a whole city.

Works especially well when learning languages or other broad topics.

Memory Path: Imagine yourself walking through a path you remember well, e.g. walking to cafeteria inside old school, path from your home to workplace. You place items you should be remembering on the path, so they form a sequence.

A speech can be saved on a memory path. List what you want to talk about and imagine only the ones that are really important.

Save the thing that first comes into your mind. The saved thing must be able to be visualized e.g. you cannot save "potence" but you can save "springboard". Items are usually either 1) a wordplay or 2) a related thing.

1) consensus => concrete
2) Vatican   => Pope

How to use memory techniques in studies:

  1. Read the material.
  2. Create the keywords you want to remember.
  3. Create the path/palace, two keywords per stop tops.
  4. Imagine walking through it once with the keyword items.
  5. Imagine through it a couple of times e.g., while on a walk or in shower.

Abstract Concepts

Because abstract things like numbers do not have anything visual to place on memory palace or path, you must first transform them to visuals.

Single System: When you need to remember a number sequence, you can link items on the next list to those numbers. Imagine yourself walking a semi-familiar path and place corresponding items on the path. Which item you should use depends on what first comes into your mind from the shape of a specific number.

0 = ball      / egg             / bubble    / hole
1 = pen       / pillar          / pole
2 = swan      / bird
3 = mouth     / breasts         / butt
4 = flag      / sailboat        / sail      / boat
5 = hook      / sea horse       / captain   / pirate
6 = elephant  / hosepipe
7 = boomerang / diving board    / elf       / sword   / cliff
8 = glasses   / snowman         / chain
9 = axe       / balloon         / rocket

Triple System: Triple system works the same way as the single system except you have each number represented by one consonant and one vowel. For each number sequence, you split it into groups of three numbers. Numbers are turned to letters by using consonant-vowel-consonant-pattern, so you end up with likes of 348-cas 471-ruol etc. Then you think of first word that starts with "cas" and place it on the path e.g. castle.

Consonants (optimized for Finns):
0 = n            0 on _n_olla
1 = l            1 näyttää l
2 = m            2 on _m_onta
3 = k, g, c      3 on _k_olme
4 = r            4 on kuin väärinpäin R
5 = v, w         5 on _v_iisi
6 = p, b         6 on puu
7 = t, d         7 näyttää t
8 = s, z, c      8 näyttää tupla S
9 = h            9 käännettynä on h

Vowels (optimized for Finns):
0 = o,oo,ö,öö   näyttää o
1 = i,ii        näyttää i
2 = oi,io       on toinen
3 = e,ee        näyttää E
4 = a,a,ä,ää    näyttää A
5 = ai,ia       on faiv
6 = u,uu        on puu
7 = uo,ou       on out
8 = ei,ie       on eight
9 = y, yy       on ysi

Five System: Five system works like the triple system, but you divide number sequences to groups of 5 numbers. 2 first numbers is an actor, middle number is action the actor does and two last numbers are actor who the first actor does it. Then you place that event on the path.

Verbs (optimized for Finns):
0 = n            0 on _n_olla               nostaa, nojata
1 = l            1 näyttää l                lyödä
2 = m            2 on _m_onta               maata päällä
3 = k, g, c      3 on _k_olme               kuopata, kaivaa
4 = r            4 on kuin väärinpäin R     ravistaa
5 = v, w         5 on _v_iisi               väistää
6 = p, b         6 on puu                   piiskata
7 = t, d         7 näyttää t                teipata
8 = s, z, c      8 näyttää tupla S          seistä päällä
9 = h            9 käännettynä on h         heittää

Actors (optimized for Finns)
0    0    n    n    Nuunuu(Teletapit)
0    1    n    l    Nils Holgersson                         naula
0    2    n    m    Nami(One Piece)
0    3    n    k    NGR                                     nakki
0    4    n    r    Naruto(Naruto)                          nyrkki
0    5    n    v    Navi(Zelda)                             naava
0    6    n    p    Nipsu(Muumi)                            noppa
0    7    n    t                                            nitoja
0    8    n    s    Nasu(Puh), Nuuskis(Muumi)
0    9    n    h                                            nahkatuoli

1    0    l    n    Link(Zelda)                             lankku
1    1    l    l    Lolo(Adventures of Lolo)                lilja, lelu
1    2    l    m    Elmeri(Looney Tunes)
1    3    l    k    Luigi(Mario), Locke (FF6), Laguna(FF8)
1    4    l    r    Larry(Leisure Suite Larry)              luuranko
1    5    l    v    Leevi (Lassi&Leevi)                     laiva
1    6    l    p    Luppakorva, Lupin III                   lippu
1    7    l    t
1    8    l    s    Lassi(Lassi&Leevi)                      lasi
1    9    l    h                                            lihakirves

2    0    m    n    Minni Hiiri                             muna
2    1    m    l                                            maalari, maali
2    2    m    m                                            mämmi
2    3    m    k    Megaman                                 miekka
2    4    m    r    Mario
2    5    m    v                                            muovipussi
2    6    m    p                                            moppi
2    7    m    t                                            matto
2    8    m    s    Masi
2    9    m    h                                            mehiläinen

3    0    k    n    Kain(FF4), Ganon(Zelda), Gnome(WoW)     kana
3    1    k    l    Cloud(FF7), Killua(HxH)                 kello
3    2    k    m                                            kumi
3    3    k    k    Cid(FF7), Gogo(FF6)                     kakku
3    4    k    r    Kirby, Garnet(FF9)                      kirahvi
3    5    k    v                                            kivi, kiiwi
3    6    k    p    Goblin(WoW)                             koiperhonen
3    7    k    t                                            ketju
3    8    k    s    Quistis                                 kissa
3    9    k    h                                            kehto

4    0    r    n    Raynor(SC2), Rinoa(FF8)                 rinkka
4    1    r    l    Relm(FF6)                               rullalauta
4    2    r    m                                            rumpu, ruumis
4    3    r    k    Orc(WoW)                                raketti
4    4    r    r    Roronoa Zoro                            ruori
4    5    r    v                                            ravirata
4    6    r    p    Roope Ankka                             rapu
4    7    r    t    Red XIII(FF7)                           ratti
4    8    r    s    Aeris(FF7)                              ruoska
4    9    r    h                                            raha, ruho

5    0    v    n    Vincent(FF7)                            vene
5    1    v    l    Wily(Megaman)                           viulu, viila
5    2    v    m
5    3    v    k    Viiksi-Vallu(Looney Tunes)              voikukka
5    4    v    r    Worgen, Warrick                         vuori
5    5    v    v    Vivi(FF9)                               viivain
5    6    v    p                                            vaippa
5    7    v    t                                            veitsi, viitta
5    8    v    s                                            vesi
5    9    v    h                                            vuohi

6    0    p    n    Punahilkka                              panssarivaunu
6    1    p    l    Blood Elf(WoW)                          pullo, pallo
6    2    p    m                                            puomi
6    3    p    k    Peach(Mario)                            paketti
6    4    p    r    Browser(Mario)                          pora
6    5    p    v
6    6    p    p    Peppi
6    7    p    t                                            pitsa
6    8    p    s    Pasi                                    passi
6    9    p    h    Puh Nalle                               puhelin

7    0    t    n    Tintti                                  tonttu
7    1    t    l                                            teelusikka
7    2    t    m    Teemu, Timi                             tomaatti
7    3    t    k    Edgar(FF6), Duke Nukem                  teekuppi
7    4    t    r    Terra(FF6), Draenei(WoW), Tauren(WoW)   trumpetti
7    5    t    v    Dwarf(WoW)                              toivomuskaivo
7    6    t    p    Tipi(Looney Tunes)                      toppi
7    7    t    t    Toad(Mario), Tidus(FF10)                tutti
7    8    t    s    Daisuke(Hopeanuoli)                     tussi
7    9    t    h                                            tehdas

8    0    s    n    Sonic, Sanji(One Piece)                 sieni
8    1    s    l    Zelda, Sylvesteri(Looney Tunes)         silakka
8    2    s    m    Samus(Metroid)                          sammakko
8    3    s    k    Sakura(Naruto), Squall(FF8)             sukka
8    4    s    r    Zeratul(SC2)                            sormus, sarana
8    5    s    v                                            sauva
8    6    s    p    Sephiroth(FF7)                          saippua
8    7    s    t    Zidane(FF9), Setzer(FF6), Steiner(FF9)  seitti
8    8    s    s    Sasuke(Naruto)                          susi
8    9    s    h                                            saha

9    0    h    n    Hannu Hanhi                             hunaja
9    1    h    l    Hilarius Hiiri                          hillo
9    2    h    m    Hemuli(Muumit)                          hame
9    3    h    k                                            hakaneula
9    4    h    r    Harry Potter                            haarukka
9    5    h    v                                            hevonen
9    6    h    p                                            hyppynaru
9    7    h    t    Hattivatti
9    8    h    s    Hessu Hopo                              housut
9    9    h    h                                            huhmar